The PMI takes 50 as its benchmark. Any reading above that figure indicates the industry expanded on the previous month, while any result below that number indicates that it shrank. May’s reading was ahead of the 60.7 recorded in April, signalling that the industry’s momentum increased last month. However, the result for civil engineering – which consists mainly of State-funded projects such as roads, schools and other infrastructure – fell to 48.8 in May, meaning activity in this area declined last month.
Ulster Bank noted that the pace of growth had quickened for the second month running and was the fastest for a year. According to the bank, activity has now grown in each of the last 57 months, indicating that construction’s recovery now stretches back to 2013. Simon Barry, Ulster Bank chief economist for the Republic, pointed out that the index’s headline reading had increased for the second month in a row.
“Commercial construction recorded another acceleration in activity which took the commercial PMI to its highest level in nearly two years, in the process leaving commercial as the strongest category last month,” he said. “There was also a sharp rise in residential activity which took the housing PMI to its highest level in a year. “The results for civil engineering were not as favourable, with activity here registering a decline in May, ending a five-month run of expansion,” Mr Barry added.
Commercial building, mostly offices, rose to 65.6, while housing climbed to 65.2. Employment grew on the back of the expansion, although at a slightly slower rate than in May. There are growing fears that construction will shortly face a skills squeeze, particularly as the number of apprentices joining the industry fell sharply over the last decade. New orders, an indicator of future work, continued to grow, hitting a 12-month high, according to the index.
Mr Barry noted that this boosted participants’ hopes for the coming months. “Survey respondents remained strongly optimistic about the year ahead with a strong pipeline of new activity and improving economic conditions cited as important sources of support,” he said. Meanwhile, new business wins from the Republic helped deliver strong growth across Northern Ireland’s private sector last month as output, new orders and job-creation rates all rose sharply, according to latest economic analysis.
Ulster Bank Northern Ireland’s May PMI survey shows export orders, which were particularly strong from the Republic and other European countries thanks to continuing favourable exchange rates, underpinned an industrious private sector last month. New business orders in general increased for the 19th month in a row and at the fastest pace since since February, outperforming the UK average.
The fastest jump in new business was in the service sector which, according to Ulster Bank, recorded a “marked expansion”. Overall as business activity increased local companies recruited extra staff during May to match demand continuing an unbroken 40-month trend of job creation.